20.05.2012

Commercial pork production

Commercial pork production, which doesn’t require big investments!

Food supply for human consumption has always been one of the top priorities and the most profitable activity of people. Pork occupies one of the leading places in the world in solving the meat problem.

Today, there is a set of environmental requirements to pork production, which should be followed by WTO member-countries. Entering WTO means that conventional pig farms cannot compete with world producers in terms of environmental friendliness and production costs, which include high expenditures to electric energy, labor and others.

Alternatives to traditional pig farming are being searched all over the world now.

Alternative pig farming means:

  • Profitable business
  • Energy-saving technologies
  • Ecologically clean production (environmentally friendly)
  • Humane attitude to animals

The foundation of alternative systems of pork production is human health, protection of environment, animal welfare and natural behavior as well as food safety.

Why is pork production profitable?

Pigs outcompete any other type of agricultural animals in terms of days to slaughter, fecundity, relatively short fetal period, meat calorific value and meat yield.

Days to slaughter:

Pigs achieve slaughter conditions within 180-200 days.

Fecundity and short gestation period:

A pig is a multiparous animal. There are 12-14 baby-pigs in an average litter. The gestation period is 114-115 days. Thus, a sow can deliver 27-30 baby-pigs or up to 2.4 farrowings.

High growth energy:

During intensive finishing the ADG of pigs is 800-850 grams and the FCR is 3.0-3.2 kg/1 kg of gain. Under such conditions pigs reach 100-110 kg within 160-180 days.

High meat yield:

Pigs produce a much higher meat yield than other agricultural animals. Sometimes the meat yield of bacon pigs is 71-74% sometimes reaching 80%.
Keeping the requirements to pork production in mind, Agro-Soyuz Holding offers a comprehensive solution for efficient organization of commercial production, which doesn’t require big investments.

The specialists of Agro-Soyuz:

  • Adopted a technology of pigs housing on deep straw bedding in non-heated hoop structures;
  • Re-constructed farrowing and nursery facilities;
  • Developed an experimental model farm — commercial pig farm «Romanovsky», which produces 24-26 thousand hybrid pigs per year.

The experimental pig farm is a closed cycle pork production enterprise, where a continuous system of intensive reproduction and cold housing during finishing stage are implemented.

The use of cold housing technology allows to:

  • Reduce construction costs compared with permanent barns used for conventional technologies of pig production;
  • Save money on heating and lighting;
  • Improve animals health, reducing costs of treatment;
  • Ensure high growth rates;
  • Reduce costs during finishing stage.

A continuous technology with a 7-day cycle is used on the farm. This technology allows production of batches of specific size and quality in equal time periods.
With an annual production of 24-26 thousand pigs, the size of a required technological group should be 54 sows and the total number of sows should be about 1300 sows. These results are achievable only under condition that the requirements of all technological processes (reproduction, nursery and finishing) are satisfied.

Reproduction

Group housing of gestation sows

— Group housing of sows on deep bedding in a non-heated building; feeding on the feed bunk

— Managing feed consumption by changing its qualitative characteristics

Cold housing of boars

— The boar facility accommodates 20 crates; housing on straw bedding

— Boars are kept in individual crates
Manual semen collection

— Collection of productive fractions of semen

— The clearest method of semen collection in terms of bacterial contamination

— Minimum amount of equipment is required

Laboratory control and semen quality evaluation

— Evaluation of semen quality and dilution in extender

Artificial insemination

— Reduces the number of required boars

— Increases quality of insemination

— Reduces health issues with sows

Farrowing

Preparation of sows to farrowing

— Washing

— Disinsection (covering with bactericide foam)

— Drying

— Hoof treatment

Farrowing management

— Sows are farrowed in individual crates in easily controllable conditions

— Sows are restricted to increase survivability of baby-pigs

— Premises are used according to «all in — all out» principle

— Computer control of environment in the room

— Local heating of the nest with an infra-red lamp and a heating mat

— Weaning at day 28

Feeding management

— Feeding of sows is performed according to a feeding program. There is a strict control of feed consumption by a sow before farrowing, after farrowing and during suckling period.

Nursery

— A system of double microclimate

— Automatic ventilation system

— Boxes with warm floors for weaned baby-pigs

— Partially slatted floors

-Weaning management

— The feeding program ensures quick start and reduces days to slaughter

— Easy performance of veterinary treatments

— Less manual labor

— Free access to feed and water

— Ad libitum feding

— Mechanized delivery of dry feed

Grow finish

Housing in non-heated hangars — minimum investments, maximum efficiency of pork production

A hangar is a light arched structure (34×9 m) for cold housing of pigs during the grow/finish stage.

The capacity of a hangar is 250-270 pigs. The hangar is divided into 3 sectors:

— rest area;

— dunging area;

— feeding area, which is represented by a concrete slab, where the following is installed:

— 2 automatic group water troughs (4 places for each).

— bunker-type feeder, which ensures a 24-hour access of pigs to feed;

The rest area and dunging area have solid or clay surface covered with bedding (1 kg of straw per day per each pig).

Bedding is one of the key elements of successful raising of animals in hangars. When it becomes dirty, a new portion of bedding is added.
Hangars are not heated. Comfortable temperature in the rest area is maintained due to manure and straw fermentation. The structure of a hangar is convenient for different technological operations: veterinary treatments, mechanical and pneumatic delivery of feed, delivery of bedding by special equipment, cleaning and washing of the hangar and equipment. This allows to reduce the amount of manual labor thus reducing the number of employees while maintaining high quality of performed work.

Advantages of finishing pigs in hangars:

— cold housing on deep bedding;

— housing of large groups;

— free access to feed and water;

— Ad libitum feeding;

— freedom of movement;

— environment similar to natural;

— natural ventilation.